INTERNATIONAL & COMPARATIVE LAW
Russia in the WTO
Slightly more than one and the half of the year has passed since Russia's accession to the World Trade Organization. Nevertheless Russia already is a party to several disputes in WTO dispute settlement system.
The analisys of reasons and grounds of these disputes shows the necessity of considerable degree of caution when implementing national support measures both by Russia and its foreign partners.
The new project of INCLARC is dedicated to a comprehensive analysis of existing trade restrictions applied to Russian goods and services in foreign states. This project covers measures disputed by Russia in dispute with European Union on Cost Adjustment Methodologies and Certain Anti-Dumping Measures on Imports from Russia and with European Union and its Member States on Certain Measures Relating to the Energy Sector, as well as other measures imposed on Russia. Noteworthy, that becoming a member of the WTO, the Russian Federation has adopted a series of commitments that inflict restrictions to the national manufacturing industries support.
At the same time according to the Ministry of Economic Development of Russia as of May 1, 2014 19 countries have adopted 82 protective measures against Russian goods including 40 anti-dumping duties, 38 non-tariff measures (i.e. technical barriers and import bans). There also 9 conducted investigations and 8 anti-dumping measures revisions. Number of restrictions on Russian goods increase annually.
From the other side the project considers disputes where Russia participate as a respondent, i.e. dispute concerning Recycling Fee on Motor Vehicles with European Union (DS 462) and Japan(DS 463) as complainants, disputes on Measures on the Importation of Live Pigs, Pork and Other Pig Products from the European Union (DS 475) and Anti-Dumping Duties on Light Commercial Vehicles from Germany and Italy (DS 479).
Approaches of Liberal and Illiberal Governments to International Law
INCLARC expert participated with paper "Liberalism in International Trade, Illiberalism in Domestic Economic Governance and Human Rights Protection in the Context of WTO". The paper addressed the issue of interconditionality between domestic governance and human rights protection with international obligations concerning trade, namely: - interconditionality/interconnection of HR violations with WTO obligations violations. - barriers for private actors to protect their rights violated by infringement of WTO commitments. The final versions of symposium materials are expected to be published in the 'Baltic Yearbook of International Law'.